Three modes of nursing care decisions and actions 1. The next focus is on the generic or folk system, professional care systems, and nursing care. Information about these systems includes the characteristics and the specific care features of each.
Care Care as a verb is defined as actions and activities directed toward assisting, supporting, or enabling another individual or group with evident or anticipated needs to ameliorate or improve a human condition or lifeway or to face death. The outsider is likely to experience feelings of discomfort and helplessness and some degree of disorientation because of the differences in cultural values, beliefs, and practices.
Concepts, theories, research, and practice. In some other cultures females are dominant. Most cases of lay illness have multiple causalities and may require several different approaches to diagnosis, treatment, and cure including folk and Western medical interventions.
Understanding of the general characteristics of the major ethnic groups, but always individualize care. She developed the concept of transcultural nursing and the ethnonursing research model.
The base of professional nursing practice 5rd edition.
The outsider is likely to experience feelings of discomfort and helplessness and some degree of disorientation because of the differences in cultural values, beliefs, and practices.
Acculturation People of a minority group tend to assume the attitudes, values, beliefs, find practices of the dominant society resulting in a blended cultural pattern.
Basic Nursing, 6th edition. McFarland has studied, practiced, consulted, and lectured throughout the United States and in various parts of Europe, Kenya, Taiwan, and Australia.
Culturally congruent care is possible when the following occurs in the nurse-patient relationship: While human care is universal across cultures, caring may be demonstrated through diverse expressions, actions, patterns, lifestyles, and meanings.
Caring is an action or activity directed towards providing care.
Cultural Identify the sense of being part of an ethnic group or culture Culture-universals commonalities of values, norms of behavior, and life patterns that are similar among different cultures.
She currently teaches nursing at the graduate level focusing on transcultural health care, advanced practice nursing role development, and graduate translational research projects.
Culture-specifies values, beliefs, and patterns of behavior that tend to be unique to a designate culture. Nursing is a learned profession with a disciplined focus on care phenomena. Her family nurse practitioner certificate was earned from Saginaw Valley State University in Evolution of her theory can be understood from her books: Nursing Nursing is defined as a learned humanistic and scientific profession and discipline which is focused on human care phenomena and activities in order to assist, support, facilitate, or enable individuals or groups to maintain or regain their well-being or health in culturally meaningful and beneficial ways, or to help people face handicaps or death.
Care as a noun is defined as those abstract and concrete phenomena related to assisting, supporting, or enabling experiences or behaviors toward or for others with evident or anticipated needs to ameliorate or improve a human condition or lifeway.
Leininger, Subconcepts Generic Folk or Lay Care Systems Generic folk or lay care systems are culturally learned and transmitted, indigenous or traditionalfolk home-based knowledge and skills used to provide assistive, supportive, enabling, or facilitative acts toward or for another individual, group, or institution with evident or anticipated needs to ameliorate or improve a human life way, health condition or well-beingor to deal with handicaps and death situations.
Leininger, Culture shock may result when an outsider attempts to comprehend or adapt effectively to a different cultural group. Healers Within a given community, specific people are known to have the power to heal.
The nursing diagnosis for clients should include potential problems in their interaction with the health care system and problems involving the effects of culture.
The whole activity of immersing yourself within a different culture is time-consuming for you to fully understand their beliefs and practices. Care, which assists others with real or anticipated needs in an effort to improve a human condition of concern, or to face death.The Transcultural Nursing theory first appeared in Leininger's Culture Care Diversity and Universality, published inbut it was developed in the s.
The theory was further developed in her book Transcultural Nursing, which was published in Culture care diversity indicates the variabilities and/or differences in meanings, patterns, values, lifeways, or symbols of care within or between collectives that are related to assistive, supportive, or enabling human care expressions.
Leininger's Culture Care Diversity and Universality, Third Edition presents an expanded view of the Culture Care Theory as well as integral components of the Ethno-nursing Research Method. The use of the CCT with new research methodologies such as meta-ethno-nursing as well as other established qualitative methods is also covered.
• Cultural care diversity refers to the differences in meanings, values, or ac-ceptable modes of care within or between different groups of people.
• Cultural care universality refers to common care or similar meanings that are evident among many cultures. • Nursing is a learned profession with a disciplined focused on care phenomena.
This information allows for the identification of similarities and differences or cultural care universality and cultural care diversity. Next are nursing care decisions and actions which involve cultural care preservation or maintenance, cultural care accommodation or negotiation and cultural care repatterning or restructuring.
Culture Care Diversity refers to the differences in meanings, values, or acceptable forms of care in or between groups of people. Culture Care Universality refers to common care or similar meanings that are evident among many cultures.Download