Her refusal to marry meant that England would not In the years between 1547 1558 english to have a foreign king. Economy While the Phelps Brown and other price indexes suggest a severe deterioration in the state of the economy, they only consider the fortunes of agriculture despite this period being notable as the beginnings of industrialisation in England, they ignore the fact that wages were often received in kind, and they ignore the decline in the number of holidays as a result of the introduction of Protestantism and its abhorrence for the veneration of saints.
In neither of the cases did any high ranking nobility defect to the cause of the rebels once the uprisings had begun unlike that of the Pilgrimage of Grace in where Lord Darcy had deserted Henry VIII. People feared a Spanish match for Mary because they feared that England would become part of Spain and that Philip would have control over English policy.
The Phelps Brown price indexa measure of relative price of a basket of goods for the average member of the commons, shows a rise fromthe base figure, in the periodto in and in In fact, they argue, the state machinery survived intact.
The shift in religious policy between Edward and Mary might be seen as unsettling the grass roots of England which might have meant a possible crisis for security. Even if she had married an English nobleman, such as Lord Dudley, whom she loved, it might have made other nobles jealous, and caused rebellions.
They argue that for England to be in a state of crisis, the essential machinery of the state the Privy CouncilJustices of the Peacerevenue courts and Parliament would have to be in imminent danger of collapse.
The collapse of the cloth trade in Antwerp also meant that may East-Anglian wool traders went out of work, however this collapse was only short term. Only when various high ranking officials with a large influence join the cause of a rebellion does it become more of a threat.
Through her marriage to Philip II, Mary was always going to have to support him with men. So it can be argued that these rebellions were not as threatening as the Pilgrimage of Grace 13 years earlier which means that there was never a crisis as far as law and order was concerned during the Mid-Tudor rule.
The disease also had a direct link to the economy as it was through trading that the Influenza epidemic found its way to England and it is because of this that overseas trade was stopped. Edward and Mary had inherited the war that their father had pushed through his foreign policy and military tactics.
The fall of Cromwell precipitated a polemical battle between the conservative camp, led by the Duke of Norfolk and Stephen Gardinerand the radicals, led by the Duke of Somerset and Katherine Parr.
John Knox, a Scottish Calvinist, even thought a female ruler was a punishment from god. To her, burning was a last resort, and she even thought she was helping them get into heaven by purifying their souls.
Somerset wanted Edward I to marry Mary Queen of Scots which would reassert the ancient claim of Edward to suzerainty over the Scottish throne. In the short-term this helped her to influence her nobles and foreign princes who might hope to be her husband. She passed the Poor Law So there is no evidence to suggest that there was a mid-Tudor political crisis at all.
Post-revisionist perspective[ edit ] In an article written for History Review, John Matusiak, specialist in the mid-Tudor period, opened a new chapter in the debate by arguing that both traditionalist and revisionist historians have been prone to over-simplifying their arguments, and that neither side paints an accurate picture of the mid-Tudor years, which he terms "Years of Trauma and Survival".
However at this time a lot of peasants lived on the land of the gentlemen they worked for and instead of being paid huge sums of money they were paid in food and a place to stay. She claimed a very personal role in this victory but the impact of luck, the weather and the tactical decisions of her commanders may have been more significant.
They never, then, in any way directly challenged the state. Scale of the problems faced Not only should the problems be put in the context of those faced in conterminous periods, but even in their own right they did not pose a great threat to the safety of the state. Although Protectorship under Edward paved the way for faction rivalry it did raise the status of the Council which in turn led to grass root problems being addressed.
The danger posed by factions is also limited, since disputes rarely spilled out of the Council itself and destabilised government or society at large.
However Arthur had a healthy younger brother, Edward had his staunchly Catholic half-sister Mary. She developed a strong image, used good advisers and kept Parliament in check.
Reappraisal of the scale of the problems faced Revisionists have gone too far in downplaying the problems faced in this period, in several key areas: Yet despite its consequences Somerset continued. This article does not cite any sources. These two parties would have clashed and no one wanted another War of the Roses.
Defeating the Armada was a spectacular victory, but Spain kept on trying to invade.
In The Mid-Tudor Crisishe argues that eight factors combined to create a crisis in mid-Tudor England: Comparison with other periods While the problems listed above were by no means unique in the Tudor period, the conjuncture of all of them within the space of 25 years was unique, and made the period particularly volatile.
This crisis, it is suggested, involved five problems: Problem Did it work? Her gender was a problem in itself for the time, it was unheard of for a woman to rule on her own.The Mid-Tudor Crisis denotes the period of English history between (the death of Henry VIII) and (the death of Mary Tudor), when, it has been argued by Whitney Jones and others, English government and society were in imminent danger of collapse in the face of a combination of weak rulers, economic pressures, a series of rebellions.
Historical events in See what famous, scandalous and important events happened in or search by date or keyword. In the young king, always a frail boy, died. Protestant intriguers vainly attempted to secure the crown for a Protestant, Lady Jane Grey, a quiet, scholarly great- granddaughter of Henry VII.
But Edward VI was followed by his older sister Mary (r. ), daughter of Catherine of Aragon, whom Henry VIII had divorced.
One important factor in determining whether there was a mid-Tudor crisis is the state of Government. The two main issues surrounding the ruling of the country between and were, Edwards Infancy and thus the Protectorship that governed and the size of Mary’s Council and thus the inability.
In the yearsEnglish government was at itâ€s most effective under Mary. How valid is this assessment? Introduction 1.
Justify what you mean by an effective government. 2. Make a judgment using your own knowledge.
3. Outline the different factors that you are going to examine to illustrate your answer. “In the yearsEnglish government was at its most effective during the rule of Mary I” How valid is this statement?
(45 marks) Government is the governing body of a nation, and during Tudor England, the government was the monarch, due to royal prerogative.Download